, Schlegel argues that, from a philosophical point of view, everything participates in an ongoing process of creation, whereas, from an empirical point of view, natural things are conceived as if they were dead, fixed and independent from the whole.. Therefore, its purpose should not be to reflect the real world with naturalism, but rather to create its own world, which could never be a question of applying a set of rules and principles to a particular matter (paintings, words, marble), such as classicist principles seemed to do. , It is widely accepted that the Romantic Movement in Germany emerged, on the one hand, as a reaction against the aesthetical ideals defended in Classicism and Neoclassicism, and on the other, as a deviation from the rational principles of the Enlightenment with the consequent regression to the irrational spirit of the Middle Ages. , Early in 1804, he made the acquaintance of Madame de Staël in Berlin, who hired him as a tutor for her children. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Test the long and short of your poetic knowledge in this quiz. Bývá považován za spoluzakladatele romantismu v německé literatuře.  He also published a volume of poems and carried on a controversy with Kotzebue. Das Paar hatte insgesamt acht Söhne und zwei Töchter.  In 1807 he attracted much attention in France by an essay in the French, Comparaison entre la Phèdre de Racine et celle d'Euripide, in which he attacked French classicism from the standpoint of the Romantic school. His famous lectures on dramatic art and literature (Über dramatische Kunst und Literatur, 1809–1811), which have been translated into most European languages, were delivered at Vienna in 1808. , In 1812, he travelled with De Staël, her fiancé Albert de Rocca and her children to Moscow, St. Petersburg and Stockholm and acted as secretary of Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, through whose influence the right of his family to noble rank was revived. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. August Wilhelm von Schlegel, (born Sept. 8, 1767, Hannover, Hanover [Germany]—died May 12, 1845, Bonn [Germany]), German scholar and critic, one of the most influential disseminators of the ideas of the German Romantic movement, and the finest German translator of William Shakespeare. German poet, translator, critic, and writer, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTraugott_Böhme1920 (, Hay, Katia D., "August Wilhelm von Schlegel", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed. Francke, Kuno, Howard, William Guild, Schiller, Friedrich, 1913-1914, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 20:03. Formal perfection of language is the chief merit of his poems, which suffer from a lack of originality. Updates? Schlegel was born in Hanover, where his father, Johann Adolf Schlegel, was a Lutheran pastor. After this, he joined again the household of Mme. When the work of art appears as if all its elements had been consciously chosen by a power above the artist, it has style; when the artist has not transcended his/her individuality, then s/he is categorized as a mannerist artist (SW III, 309–312). She owed to him many of the ideas which she embodied in her work, a monument in memory of Ludwig van Beethoven, The Life of August Wilhelm Schlegel, Cosmopolitan of Art and Poetry by Roger Paulin, p. 59, http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2010/entries/schlegel-aw/, L.M. In 1818 Schlegel went to the University of Bonn, where he remained the rest of his life as professor of literature. In 1835, Schlegel became head of the committee organising a monument in memory of Ludwig van Beethoven in Bonn, the composer's birthplace. Schlegel’s incomplete translations of five plays by Calderón de la Barca (Spanisches Theater, 2 vol., 1803–09) likewise show his gift for carrying the spirit of foreign literary works over into German, as do his selected translations of Petrarch, Dante, Giovanni Boccaccio, Miguel de Cervantes, Torquato Tasso, and Luís de Camões in Blumensträusse italiänischer, spanischer, und portugiesischer Poesie (1804; “Bouquets of Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Poetry”). He was also an Orientalist and a poet. In 1810 Schlegel was ordered to leave the Swiss Confederation as an enemy of the French literature. A selection of the writings of both August Wilhelm and Friedrich Schlegel, edited by Oskar Walzel, will be found in Kürschner's Deutsche Nationalliteratur, 143 (1892). August Wilhelm (after 1812: von) Schlegel (/ˈʃleɪɡəl/; German: [ˈʃleːgl̩]; 8 September 1767 – 12 May 1845), usually cited as August Schlegel, was a German poet, translator and critic, and with his brother Friedrich Schlegel the leading influence within Jena Romanticism. Do narrative poems tend to be very short? This work established his literary reputation and gained for him in 1798 an extraordinary professorship at the University of Jena. As an orientalist, he was unable to adapt himself to the new methods opened up by Bopp. SCHLEGEL, AUGUST WILHELM VON. German scholar, poet, translator and critic, born on the 8th of September 1767 at Hanover, where his father, Johann Adolf Schlegel, was a Lutheran pastor.
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